Human Trafficking is a complex issue and victims may
show different signs, symptoms or behaviors.

If you see any of these red flags, contact the National Human Trafficking Resource Center hotline at 1-888-3737-888 to report the situation. If you are in the Southeast U.S., please call our hotline at 1-980-319-9595.

This is not an exhaustive list and represents only a selection of possible indicators which may or may not be present in all trafficking cases.

Common Work and Living Conditions: The Individual(s) in Question

●      Is not free to leave or come and go as he/she wishes
●      Is under 18 and is providing commercial sex acts
●      Is in the commercial sex industry and has a pimp / manager
●      Is unpaid, paid very little, or paid only through tips
●      Works excessively long and/or unusual hours
●      Is not allowed breaks or suffers under unusual restrictions at work
●      Owes a large debt and is unable to pay it off
●      Was recruited through false promises concerning the nature and conditions of his/her work
●      High security measures exist in the work and/or living locations (e.g. opaque windows, boarded up windows, bars on windows, barbed wire, security cameras, etc.)

Poor Mental Health or Abnormal Behavior

●      Is fearful, anxious, depressed, submissive, tense, or nervous/paranoid
●      Exhibits unusually fearful or anxious behavior after bringing up law enforcement
●      Avoids eye contact

Poor Physical Health

●      Lacks health care
●      Appears malnourished
●      Shows signs of physical and/or sexual abuse, physical restraint, confinement, or torture

Lack of Control

●      Has few or no personal possessions
●      Is not in control of his/her own money, no financial records, or bank account
●      Is not in control of his/her own identification documents (ID or passport)
●      Is not allowed or able to speak for themselves (a third party may insist on being present and/or translating)


●      Claims of just visiting and inability to clarify where he/she is staying/address
●      Lack of knowledge of whereabouts and/or do not know what city he/she is in
●      Loss of sense of time
●      Has numerous inconsistencies in his/her story

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